Tuesday, August 26, 2014

Red Boiling Springs, TN

City Hall
City Hall

Red Boiling Springs is a city in Macon County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 1,023 at the 2000 census.



The area was originally known as Salt Lick Creek due to a salt lick that was located nearby, approximately four miles northwest of current day Red Boiling Springs. The salt lick attracted animals, and, in turn, attracted Native Americans as well as other peoples. Among the people who came to hunt the animal trails was Daniel Boone, who reportedly carved his name and the year, 1775, into a beech tree in a nearby community.

The area was first surveyed and land grants were first awarded in the mid-1780's. The first post office was established in 1829 and was named the Salt Lick Creek post office. In 1847, the post office was renamed "Red Boiling Springs." Sometime in the 1830's, a farmer named Jesse Jones noticed red-colored sulphur water bubbling up from springs on his farm. In 1844, a businessman named Samuel Hare, realizing the springs' commercial potential, purchased a 20-acre (8.1 ha) plot of the Jones farm surrounding the springs, and constructed an inn. The inn's remote location and the region's poor roads likely doomed the venture, however, and the inn was gone by the 1870's.

Tourist attraction:

In 1873, a stagecoach line was established between Red Boiling Springs and Gallatin, where there was a railroad stop. This likely led to renewed commercial interest in the springs, and by 1876, a general store owner named James Bennett had purchased the springs tract and had built a hotel. Bennett's hotel consisted of a row of log cabins flanking a central frame dining hall. In the late 1870s, Nashville newspapers first started mentioning Bennett's hotel and its guests' activities, as it was vogue during the Gilded Age for newspapers to report on daily happenings at upper class and upper-middle class resorts.

The Thomas House, formerly the Cloyd Hotel
The 1880's saw a boom in the development of mineral springs resorts as "summer getaways," due in part to the publicity received by places such as Saratoga Springs in New York. During this decade, New York businessman James F. O. Shaugnesy purchased the Red Boiling Springs tract and began development of the area as a resort. In 1889, the town first made the Nashville newspapers' front pages when former Tennessee Governor John C. Brown died of a hemorrhage at one of the hotels. The papers emphasized that due to the isolation of the town and a lack of a telephone or telegraph, there was no way to get help.

During the following decade, a railroad line was extended to Hartsville, and the railroad established a stagecoach line to Red Boiling Springs. With the continued rise in the number of visitors, two local general store owners— Zack and Clay Cloyd— opened the Cloyd Hotel during this period.

In 1905, several investors formed the Red Boiling Springs Water and Realty Company, and the following year purchased the original springs tract from Shaughnesy. By 1916, the company had replaced Shaughnesy's hotel with a lavish 64-room structure named "The Palace." During this same period, road improvements allowed the stagecoach lines to be replaced with automobile taxis, reducing the travel time from the railroad to just three hours. In 1918 there were four hotels in town— the Palace, the Cloyd, the Donoho, and the Central Hotel; a decade later that number doubled and soon after, over a dozen hotels and at least that many boarding houses had been erected to take advantage of tourism. The hotels all followed a similar design plan— two stories with elegant verandas spanning the facade, and interiors containing large dining halls and 50 to 60 rooms (some later doubled or tripled their roomspace with annexes).

While most mineral water resorts fell out of favor as medical science began to question the healing properties of mineral springs, Red Boiling Springs persisted, reaching its peak in the 1920's and 1930's. The resort was visited by many famous personages in the first half of the 20th century. The hotel registers included the names of judges, lawyers, heads of business and industry, famous musicians and singers, and politicians, among them Jo Byrns, Al Gore, Sr., Nathan Bachman, and most notably President Woodrow Wilson.

Although the Great Depression destroyed many Americans' disposable incomes and hence budget for travel, Red Boiling Springs still had large numbers of visitors. The Summer of 1936 brought over 14,000 people to the little hamlet of approximately 800.

The mineral springs and daily life in the resort period:

Mineral springs pump
Almost uniquely, five different types of mineral waters are found at Red Boiling Springs. These springs are "mineralized" by their contact with exposed black shale, from which iron sulfate is dissolved into the waters.

Some were named for the color they would turn a silver coin; two, dubbed "Red" and "Black", were from springs which were capped off and then piped throughout the town to a series of wells with manually operated pumps on both public and private property. Along with iron and sulphur, Red and Black waters both contained relatively high amounts of calcium and magnesium. The flavor of the "Red" water was only somewhat sulfurous and seemed to be at least slightly agreeable to many; the "Black" was very-strongly flavored, off-putting to the novice, and an acquired taste (at best) for most. "White" was used only to cure dyspepsia. "Freestone" water contained none of the trace minerals that brought the crowds to the springs but it was by far the most palatable. The most mineralized water, known as "Double and Twist," was named for the effect it had on the person drinking it. "Double and Twist" was advertised as the "only water of its kind in the United States."

Armour Hotel, formerly the Counts Hotel
"Taking the waters" at Red Boiling Springs generally consisted of more than merely ingesting them; steam and tub baths featuring the waters and their alleged therapeutic properties were often featured. The bathhouses followed the hydrotherapy regimen developed by John Harvey Kellogg at his Battle Creek Sanitarium in Michigan, which was very popular at the time. The various waters contained several minerals but sulfur was predominant, giving the waters the scent (and some would say, the flavor) of rotten eggs. There were medical doctors on hand to prescribe which treatments would work for a particular ailment. The mineral waters, either from ingesting them or bathing in them, were touted as cures for diseases such as dyspepsia, hydropsy, diabetes, rheumatism, neuralgia, kidney stones, gonorrhea, and various eye and skin diseases.

An advertising brochure claimed "sickness among the year 'round residents is practically an unknown thing."

As the resort grew, it became the stopping point for minstrel shows, circuses and other entertainments to a far greater degree than typical for towns of its small size. The town boasted a number of "diversions": bowling alleys, tennis courts, shuffle board, croquet, a ballroom, swimming pools, a small golf course, theatre, and an amusement park. The hotels also provided picnics and barbecues. Dancing was the most popular nighttime activity, and many of the hotels had their own orchestras for nightly ballroom dances. String bands also frequented the town, playing mostly at the many taverns scattered around the town's periphery.


Red Boiling Springs park
Several factors contributed to the town's decline as a major resort. One was a general loss of confidence and interest in the purportedly curative powers of mineral waters by Americans as the 20th century progressed. A new highway system made it easier for people to travel, but it also meant they could travel to other places as well, such as the state parks that were opening. Those who had promoted tourism and the mineral resorts had retired or died and the next generation was not as interested. Some of the hotels had been left in the hands of managers that did not reinvest the profits in the upkeep of the buildings. A number of the hotels burned and were not rebuilt. The townspeople were hesitant to support tourism. The area's general remoteness began to work against it; this was greatly aggravated by World War II and the resultant gasoline rationing. Tourism focus shifted within Tennessee to more highly developed areas such as the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

By the time the postwar period had arrived, most of the hotels had closed and the area was a shell of its former self. There was a slight rebirth during the 1950's. The town was incorporated on April 27, 1953. A booster club was formed, two of the hotels were restored and new attractions were added. A drive-in billed as the only one of its kind in Middle Tennessee outside of Nashville joined the local theatre. By the early '60's only five hotels remained, then, by the end of the decade, it was back down to three.

1969 Flood:

At 3:30 AM on the morning of June 23, 1969, it started raining. A newspaper reported that by 6:00 AM, the water had risen "about 5 feet above maximum flood level". In six hours the entire Salt Lick Valley was under water. An unofficial report stated that 10 inches of rain fell in 6 hours. Overall, 15 businesses and 35 houses were either heavily damaged or destroyed, and a Trailways bus had been swept approximately 500 feet into a steel-concrete bridge. Whole houses and many cars floated through town. Two young girls were killed in the flood. One was not found until four days later after being swept 4 miles downstream.

State and Federal grant money aided businesses, built watershed dams and help the townsfolk rebuild. By the late 1970's the town began to revisit its history in earnest with an eye to marketing it a tourist destination again, if only on a small scale. Two covered bridges were built, and park lands were developed. Later, a library was built on the site of a former hotel.

Present day:

At the beginning of the 21st century, a large water bottling plant was built on the outskirts of town by Nestlé, where water is bottled from Bennet Hill Springs, a source of Freestone water. Ironically, the plant removes all the natural minerals from the water by reverse osmosis and later adds a specific mixture of minerals to give it a consistent taste.

Salt Lick Creek

The old hand pumps that stood on public land were made inoperable because of liability issues that could occur. The hand pumps can still be seen on private property around town, and some people still believe in the curative powers of the mineral waters. As of 2010, three of the historic hotels were in operation, with The Armour Hotel still offering a full complement of steam treatment, mineral tub baths, and therapeutic massage.


Red Boiling Springs School is a K-12 public institution that is overseen by the Macon County School System. It has 671 total students and 41 teachers, making a student-teacher ratio of 1:16.

The school offers the following sports:
  • Basketball
  • Baseball
  • Softball
  • Golf
  • Volleyball
  • Cheerleading
  • Football

Festivals and attractions:

The town is home to several annual events. The first Saturday in June brings the Folk Medicine Festival back to the city parks along the banks of the Salt Lick Creek. The goal of the festival is to pass on knowledge, skills and traditions that ensure the survival of folklife activities from old time medicine and natural healing arts to the skills of the home and farm.

The Donoho Hotel hosts the annual Red Boiling Spring Bluegrass Festival on the first Friday and Saturday in June. The event is for both professional and "shade tree pickers".

One of the biggest annual festivals in Tennessee, The Summer Solstice, attracts around 2,000 people every year for 3 days of camping out on an organic farm listening to live music, and eating fresh organic food. Marked by the 1st day of summer and longest day of the year the celebration is usually put off until the following weekend.

The Middle Tennessee Region of the Antique Automobile Club of America holds their antique car show in Red Boiling Springs each year. The event is always scheduled for the first Friday and Saturday after Labor Day and held on the lawn of The Thomas House Hotel. This event has been held for over 50 years.

How'd Dey Do Dat? Day is held the second Saturday in October. It is a rural heritage celebration held just outside of city limits on the Ritter Farm with demonstrations of "old time skills", i.e. blacksmith shop, grist mill, horse drawn equipment, quilting, candle making.

Red Boiling Springs is also home to Tennessee's only motorcycle museum, Cyclemos, which holds an annual Show and Old School Swap Meet that draws thousands of visitors and bikes.

The Thomas House Hotel is home to a series of year round Ghost Hunt Weekends where guests get to search for clues to the paranormal with celebrity ghost hunters, while staying and eating at this historic hotel.

External Links:


A Few Ways To Describe A Liberal

 Not pulling a full wagon.
Not the brightest star in the sky.
The light’s on but no one’s home.
Not the brightest bulb in the box.
A few screws short of a hardware store.
Not the sharpest knife in the drawer.
A few cards short of a full deck.
A few fries short of a Happy Meal.
About as sharp as a marble.
Only has one oar in the water.
Smart as a bag of rocks.
A hamburger short of picnic.
The elevator doesn’t go all the way to the top floor.
A few peas short of a casserole.
A few keys short of a piano.
Not the brightest bulb on the Christmas tree.
The gates are down and the lights are flashing, but the train isn’t coming.
As smart as a stick.
Fell out of the stupid tree and hit every branch on the way down.
An intellect rivaled only by garden tools.
Has an IQ of room temperature.
Couldn’t pour water out of a boot with instructions on the heel.
Not the sharpest crayon in the box
Not the the sharpest tool in the shed
They are depriving some village of its idiot.
A few threads short of a sweater.
Driveway doesn’t quite reach the road.
The battery is not fully charged.
Dumber than a bag of hammers.
A few bricks short of a full load.
A few clowns short of a circus.
A few beers short of a six-pack.
Dumber than a box of hair.
All foam no beer.
As smart as bait.
Forgot to pay his brain bill.
The antenna doesn’t pick up all the channels.
Missing a few buttons on his remote control.
Proof that evolution CAN go in reverse.
Receiver is off the hook.
Has a leak in the skylight.
Too much yardage between the goal posts.
Not all the soldiers are marching in line.
Dumber than paint.
Half a bubble off plumb.
Donated his brain to science before he was done with it.
A few shades beyond blonde.
A few watts short of a light bulb
Running on 3 cylinders.
Has the parachute but is missing the ripcord.
Would lose a debate with a doorknob.
Has an IQ lower than plant life.
All volume, and no content.
Wouldn’t know if they were on foot or horseback.
The wheel is spinning but the hamster is dead.
The cheese slid off the cracker.
Doesn’t have all the chairs at the table. .
A shining example of why you should avoid inbreeding.
A few pecans short of a fruitcake.
Would argue with a signpost.
If you gave them a penny for thoughts, you’d get change.
Dumb as a salt shaker.
Has a mind like a steel trap: rusty and illegal in 37 states.
Knitting with only one needle.
The result of too much chlorine in the gene pool.
Not the quickest bunny in the forest.
The hard drive is spinning but the OS hasn’t been installed.
Not exactly burning all thrusters.
A few colors short of a rainbow.
The boat doesn’t have all the oars in the water.
A few ships short of a fleet.
A monosynaptic cretin (Don’t understand it? ’nuff said)
A few noodles short of a chow mein.
A few bristles short of a broom.
Doesn’t know whether to scratch his watch or wind his butt.
Hasn’t seen the ball since kickoff.
The relative IQ of a deck chair.
A poster child for birth control.
A few players short of a team.
Couldn’t hit the floor if he fell on it.
A few sheep short of a flock.
Not the brightest light in the harbor.
One plate short of a tea set.
A few kangaroos loose in the top paddock…..
A few slices short of a sandwich…..
A few sausages short of a BBQ
If her IQ was any flipping lower we’d have to water her.

Friday, August 15, 2014

The Tale Of Two Doctors

Boy,  this hits the nail on the head 

Two  patients limp into two different medical clinics with the same complaint.  Both have trouble walking and appear to require hip surgery.  

The  FIRST patient is examined within the hour, is x-rayed the same day and has a time booked for surgery the following week. 

The  SECOND sees his family doctor after waiting 3 weeks for an appointment, then  waits 8 weeks to see a specialist, then gets an x-ray, which isn't reviewed  for another week and finally has his surgery scheduled for 6 months from then pending the review boards decision on his age and remaining value to  society. 

Why  the different treatment for the two patients? 

The  FIRST is a Golden Retriever taken to a vet.
The  SECOND is a Senior Citizen on Obama care... 
Give a lot of thought about the votes you cast in the upcoming election, or we all may be looking for a good vet.

To Whom Does The Land Of Israel Belong?

To Whom does the LAND OF Israel BELONG ?

An Israeli with a Sense of Humor at the United Nations set the record

An ingenious example of speech and politics occurred recently in the United
Nations Assembly and made the world community smile.

A representative from Israel began: 'Before beginning my talk I want to tell
you something about Moses: When he struck the rock and it brought forth
water, he thought, "What a good opportunity to have a bath!"

Moses removed his clothes, put them aside on the rock and entered the water.
When he got out and wanted to dress, his clothes had vanished.  A
Palestinian had stolen them!

The Palestinian representative at the UN jumped up furiously and shouted,
"What are you talking about? The Palestinians weren't there then."

The Israeli representative smiled and said, "And now that we have made that
clear, I shall begin my speech. 
Faye Rodery 

Friday, August 1, 2014

10 Things To Know About Lemons

All About Lemons

1. Please handle the fruit.

Most lemons are Eurekas or Lisbons. Eurekas have somewhat thicker rinds, but regardless of variety, look for a lemon that feels heavy in the hand and which, gently squeezed, gives nicely and doesn’t seem to have a thick, hard rind (less juice inside). Lemons turn from green to yellow because of temperature changes, not ripeness, so green patches are OK, but avoid those with brown spots, which indicate rot.